Civil Engineering encompasses the design, application and basically a perpetuation of civic and private works. With goals of altering the geography to meet the human needs, this discipline enables the prospective graduates to understand and design the structures of monuments, highways, hydraulics, roads, government buildings, dams, and bridges among others. Since this field of engineering is related to a country's development, each and every nation, more so in the recent decennium, has added schools with courses in this field. The degree in the field provides a comprehensive knowledge of the end to end process of developing a structure, and this includes cost estimation and safety review while taking care of the environmental issues.
Inquisitive professionals with a creative bent of mind are more suited in this field. However, before selecting this field, professionals should learn more about different types of civil engineering and available job options. As aforementioned, being a civil engineer in a country that is going through a phase of development is great in terms of number of job opportunities that might be available upon graduation.
Saudi Arabia is one such place; the country has good institutions that offer different types of civil engineering courses, with each having a great scope in terms of jobs. Therefore, a large population of prospective professionals both nationals and expats, are turning towards this field of engineering with a hope of creating a future for themselves as civil engineers. However, it is advisable that before taking a step in this direction, civil engineers should clearly understand the field of civil engineering, its different branches, and requirements to be able to successfully land a job and also be good at it.
Section below provides a detailed view of different branches of civil engineering so that professionals can focus on companies accordingly.
This department of civil engineering deals with construction, planning, execution, designing and maintenance of the structures. Engineers work in all the aforementioned phases of projects making sure that the assignment is implemented according to the specifications set for the specific project. Architecture or construction engineers deal in both public and private sectors. Engineers coordinate with the managers to check and foresee if any problems may arise and interfere with project completion. Additionally, with the focus on constructing and designing a particular structure, construction engineers also scrutinize on some of the common areas including ventilation, plumbing, electrical, fire protection, lighting, environmental friendly, and natural disaster resistance techniques and methods.
This branch of engineering studies foundations, soils, and related bearing capabilities of the earth. Studying and evaluating the behaviour of earth and its composition helps them to decide where is it safe to build a structure needs. Additionally, engineers also re-evaluate the structures on timely basis to check if tangible resources near or under the structures are showing any signs of trouble or not.
Material engineering deals with the in-depth study of materials which are required to construct a structure. Material engineers should be well versed with the strength and properties of the various materials used in the different types of projects. With a goal to construct a ferrous structure, engineers make sure to source the best and the highest quality materials. In addition to it, engineers are should also be well known with the places which have abundant source of unique and earthly materials.
Engineers who pursue municipal engineering are generally placed in urban, private and government sectors. These engineers excel in the process of planning and management of the township. Additionally, to achieve success in projects, municipal engineers work closely with managers and other government officials to make sure that the structures being developed are in accordance with the standards set by the municipality/ civic bodies.
Tunnel Engineering is another arm of civil engineering which focusses on the construction of tunnels in the different parts of the city and other remote areas of the nation. The long-winded process of tunnel construction is done on the basis of guidelines specific to tunnel design and where they are built such either through roadways, trains, hilly areas or waterways.
This category of civil engineering studies the seismic forces and earthquake resistant structures. These engineers are generally placed in the earthquake prone areas and are required to keep themselves updated with the changing seismic activities. A lot of companies, especially in earthquake prone areas, hire these engineers to be help with construction of earthquake resistant structures, and also take all the necessary steps required to safeguard their employees and operations in the case of a natural calamity. Such engineers are required to remain updated with the new advancements in their fields, be aware of new techniques, and modern machinery.
Coastal engineering is another tributary of civil engineering which studies how to design and maintain the coastal and marine structures. Engineers are required to ensure that the structures like groynes and embankments are developed to withstand any natural disaster, and hence are able to yield the maximum value of investments. Additionally, engineers are also required to head regular inspection process for these structures.
All the aforementioned categories of civil engineering are detail-oriented and involve having interactions with people from different fields. These jobs have a bright future in Saudi Arabia, as the country is investing so much in its infrastructure, and therefore both public and private sectors have a large number of opportunities that students can avail. In order to be a successful civil engineer, professionals should possess a curiosity to learn and implement, they should have a creative bent of mind and be very systematic and detail oriented.
In addition to this, mastery in different types of languages and good communication skills will place the engineers in a propitious situation. Good social skills will help them to have a good dialogue with both internal and external customers, an important requirement for a successful planning and execution of the project. This in turn will translate into happy clients, hence helping their organization to reap profits and succeed.
Author Bio: -
Aakanksha Pasricha writes for Naukrigulf.com. She has been extensively researching about the job market in Gulf Region. When she isn’t writing she browses around the high streets as she definitely has an eye for details.